高一暑假作业十八
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教师简介

范炳凯,男,1971年出生,汉族,中共党员,高级中学教师。本科毕业,浙江大学教育硕士。本人喜欢教育事业,喜欢和孩子们一起探寻成长的快乐和痛苦。英语是世界语言,希望你和我一样喜欢英语,喜欢用英语。

课程信息

2014年高一年级英语暑假作业(十八)

一.将两句连成指定的复合句  

1. My friend, Tom, may have missed taking the flight to Africa. In that case he can’t arrive for another hour. (改成定语从句)

2. Lessons can be learned to face the future; history cannot be changed. (改成状语从句)

3. The book has helped me greatly in my daily communication, especially at work and a good

impression is a must at work . 改成定语从句)

4. My father faces challenges. He always stays calm and does everything in a relaxed manner.  

(改成状语从句)

5. I will always remember the first reason. The first lesson was given by Miss Brown.

                                                             (改成定语从句)

6. Sara said to me , “ I have to finish the experiment this week. ” (改成间接引语)

7. “Have you bought presents for your fathers?” I asked my students. (改成间接引语)

8. The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief and the belief is that you are better than anyone else on the sports field. (改成同位语从句)

9. How can I improve my performance in study? It is a puzzling proble学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!m. (改成主语从句)

10. “Why didn’t you come earlier?” he asked me.  (改成间接引语)

二.用所给动词的适当形式填空

11. --- Has Wang Qiang returned from Australia?

  --- Yes. He _________ (work) there for ten years and now he is a chief engineer in our local factory.     

12. I ________(promote) my new book so busily recently that I have no time to help you with your math.

13. By the time you arrive in London, we _________ (stay) in Europe for two weeks.

14. The flowers his friend gave him will die unless _________ (water) every day.

15. With his _________ (disappoint) son, the old man died of anger.

16. All the workers are forbidden _________ (smoke) in that company.

17. I can’t watch TV tonight, Jack. Please keep me _________ (inform) of the present situation there.

18. It is said that the problem _________ (look) into now.

19. They insisted on _________ (send) to the countryside to work with the farmers.

20. The model teacher has devoted all her life to teaching her students, and she deserves_________ (respect).

三.阅读理解

A

The technology is great. Without it we wouldn’t have been able to put a man on the moon, explore the ocean’s depths or eat mirowave sausages. Computers have revolutionized our lives and they have the power to educate and pass on knowledge. But sometimes this power can create more problems than it solves.

Every doctor has had to try their best to calm down patients who’ve come into their surgery waving an Internet print-out, convinced that they have some rare incurable disease, say, throat cancer. The truth is usually far more ordinary, though: they don’t have throat cancer, and it’s just that their throats are swollen. Being a graduate of the Internet “school” of medicine does not guarantee accurate self-health-checks.

One day Mrs. Almond came to my hospital after feeling faint at work. While I took her blood sample and tried to find out what was wrong, she said calmly, “I know what’s wrong; I’ve got throat cancer. I know there’s nothing you doctors can do about it and I’ve just got to wait until the day comes.”

As a matter of routine I ordered a chest X-ray. I looked at it and the blood results an hour later. Something wasn’t right. “Did your local doctor do an X-ray?” I asked. “Oh, I haven’t been to the doctor for years,” she replied. “I read about it on a website and the symptoms fitted, so I knew that’s what I had.”

However, some of her symptoms, like the severe cough and weight loss, didn’t fit with it—but she’d just ignored this.

I looked at the X-ray again, and more tests confirmed it wasn’t the cancer but tuberculosis (肺结核)—something that most certainly did need treating, and could be deadly. She was lucky we caught it when we did.

Mrs. Almond went pale when I explained she would have to be on treatment for the next six months to ensure that she was fully recovered. It was certainly a lesson for学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! her. “I’m so embarrassed,” she said, shaking her head, as I explained that all the people she had come into close contact with would have to be found out and tested. She listed up to about 20, and then I went to my office to type up my notes. Unexpectedly, the computer was not working, so I had to wait until someone from the IT department came to fix it. Typical. Maybe I should have a microwave sausage while I waited?

21. Mrs. Almond talked about her illness calmly because ______.

A. she had purchased medicine online   B. she thought she knew it well

C. she graduated from a medical schoolD. she had been treated by local doctors

22. It was lucky for Mrs. Almond ______.

A. to have contacted many friendsB. to have recovered in a short time

C. to have her doubts confirmedD. to have her disease identified in time

23. Mrs. Almond said “I’m so embarrassed” (Para. 7) because ______.

A. she had distrusted her close friendsB. she had caused unnecessary trouble

C. she had to refuse the doctor’s adviceD. she had to tell the truth to the doctor

24. By mentioning the breakdown of the computer, the author probably wants to prove ______.

A. it’s a must to take a break at workB. it’s vital to believe in IT professionals

C. it’s unwise to simply rely on technologyD. it’s a danger to work long hours on computers

B

The National Gallery

Description:

The National Gallery is the British national art museum built on the north side of Trafalgar Square in London. It houses a diverse collection of more than 2,300 examples of European art ranging from 13th-century religious paintings to more modern ones by Renoir and Van Gogh. The older collections of the gallery are reached through the main entrance while the more modern works in the East Wing are most easily reached from Trafalgar Square by a ground floor entrance.

Layout:

The modern Sainsbury Wing on the western side of the building houses 13th- to 15th-century paintings, and artists include Duccio, Uccello, Van Eyck, Lippi, Mantegna, Botticelli and Memling.

The main West Wing houses 16th-century paintings, and artists include Leonardo da Vinci, Cranach, Michelangelo, Raphael, Bruegel, Bronzino, Titan and Veronese.

The North Wing houses 17th-century paintings, and artists include Caravaggio, Rubens, Poussin, Van Dyck, Velazquez, Claude and Vermeer.

The East Wing houses 18th- to early 20th-century paintings, and artists include Canaletto, Goya, Turner, Constable, Renoir and Van Gogh.

Opening Hours:

The Gallery is open every day from 10am to 6pm (Fridays 10am to 9pm) and is free, but charges apply to some special exhibitions.

Getting There:

Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross (2-minute walk), Leicester Square (3-minute walk), Embankment (7-minute walk), and Piccadilly Circus (8-minute walk).

25. In which century’s collection can you see religious paintings?

   A. The 13th.B. The 17th.C. The 18th.D. The 20th.

26. Where are Leonardo da Vinci’s works shown?

   A. In the East Wing.B. In the Sainsbury Wing.

   C. In the main West Wing.D. In the North Wing.

27. Which underground station is closest to the National Gallery?

   A. Piccadilly Circus.                    B. Leicester Square.

C. Embankment.                           D. Charing Cross.

C

Every day we experience one of the wonders of the world around us without even realizing it. It is not the amazing complexity of television, nor the impressive technology of transport. The universal wonder we share and experience is our ability to make noise with our mouths, and so transmit ideas and thoughts to each other’s minds. This ability comes so naturally that we tend to forget what a miracle it is.

Obviously, the ability to talk is something that marks humans off from animal. Of course, some animals have powers just as amazing. Birds can fly thousands miles by observing positions of the stars in the sky in relation to the time of day and year. In Nature’s talent show, humans are a species of animal that have developed their own special act. If we reduce it to basic terms, it’s an ability for communicating information to others, by varying sounds we make as we breathe out.

Not that we don’t have other powers of communication. Our facial expressions convey our emotions, such as anger, or joy, or disappointment. The way we hold our heads can indicate to others whether we are happy or sad. This is so-called “body language”. Bristling(直立的) fur is an unmistakable warning of attack among many animals. Similarly, the bowed head or drooping tail shows a readiness to take second place in any animal gathering.

Such a means of communication is a basic mechanism that animals, including human beings, instinctively acquire and display. Is the ability to speak just another sort of instinct? If so, how did human beings acquire this amazing skill? Biologists can readily indicate that particular area of our brain where speech mechanisms function, but this doesn’t tell us how that part of our bodies originated in our biological history.[来源:学科网ZXXK]

28. According to the passage, the wonder we take for granted (认为理所当然) is________.

A. our ability to use languageB. the miracle of technology

C. the amazing power of nature D. our ability to make noises with mouth

29. What can be inferred from Paragraph 3?

A. Body language is unique to humans.

B. Animals express emotions just as humans do.

C. Humans have other powers of communication.

D. Humans are no different from animals to some degree.

30. This passage is mainly about _______.

A. the development of body language

B. the special role humans play in nature

C. the power to convey information to others

D. the difference between humans and animals in language use

D

It had been some time since Jack had seen the old man. College, career, and life itself got in the way. In fact, Jack moved clear across the country in pursuit of his dreams. There, in the rush of his busy life, Jack had little time to think about the past and often no time to spend with his wife and son. He was working on his future, and nothing could stop him.

Over the phone, his mother told him, “Mr. Belser died last night. The funeral is Wednesday.” Memories flashed through his mind like an old newsreel as he sat quietly remembering his childhood days.

    “Jack, did you hear me?”

    “Oh, sorry, Mom. Yes, I heard you. It’s been so long since I thought of him. I’m sorry, but I honestly thought he died years ago,” Jack said.

    “Well, he didn’t forget you. Every time I saw him he’d ask how you were doing. He’d reminisce(回忆) about the many days you spent over ‘his side of the fence’ as he put it,” Mom told him.

    “I love that old house he lived in,” Jack said.

    “You know, Jack, after your father died, Mr. Belser stepped in to make sure you had a man’s influence in your life,” she said.

    “He’s the one who taught me carpentry. I wouldn’t be in this business if it weren’t for him. He spent a lot of time teaching me things he thought were important… Mom, I’ll be there for the funeral,” Jack said.

    Busy as he was, he kept his word. Jack caught the next flight to his hometown. Mr. Belser’s funeral was small and uneventful. He had no children of his own, and most of his relatives had passed away.

    The night before he had to return home, Jack and his Mom stopped by to see the old house next door one more time, which was exactly as he remembered. Every step held memories. Every picture, every piece of furniture… Jack stopped suddenly.

   “What’s wrong, Jack?” his Mom asked.

   “The box is gone,” he said.

   “What box?” Mom asked.

   “There was a small gold box that he kept locked on top of his desk. I must have asked him a thousand times what was inside. All he’d ever tell me was ‘the thing I value most’,” Jack said.

   It was gone. Everything about the house was exactly how Jack remembered it, except for the box, He figured someone from the Belser family had taken it.

   “Now, I’ll never know what was so valuable to him,” Jack said sadly.

   Returning to his office the next day, he found a package on his desk. The return address caught his attention.

   “Mr. Harold Belser” it read.

   Jack tore open the package. There inside was the gold box and an envelope. Jack’s hands shook as he read the note inside.

   “Upon my death, please forward this box and its contents to Jack Bennett. It’s the thing I valued most in my life.” A small key was taped to the letter. His heart racing, and tears filling his eyes, Jack carefully unlocked the box. There inside he found a beautiful gold pocket watch. Running his fingers slowly over the fine cover, he opened it.

   Inside he found these words carved: “Jack, Thanks for your time! Harold Belser.”

   “Oh, My God! This is the thing he valued most…”[来源:++Z+X+X+K]

   Jack held the watch for a few minutes, then called his assistant and cleared his appointments for the next two days. “Why?” his assistant asked.

“I need some time to spend with my son,” he said.

31. Why did Jack think Mr. Belser died years ago?

   A. College and career prevented him from remembering Mr. Bleser.

   B. Jack was too busy with his business and family to think about Mr. Belser.

   C. Jack was too busy realizing his dreams to think about Mr. Belser.

   D. His present busy life washed away his childhood memories.

32. Jack’s mother told him on the phone about Mr. Belser EXCEPT that ______.

   A. Mr. Belser often asked how Jack was doing

   B. Mr. Belser’s funeral would take place on Wednesday

   C. Mr. Belser had asked for Jack’s mailing address

   D. Mr. Belser had pleasant memories of their time together

33. Why did Belser send Jack his gold watch?

   A. Because he was grateful for Jack’s time with him.

   B. Because he had no children or relatives.

C. Because he thought he had to keep his word.

   D. Because Jack had always wanted it during his childhood.

34. Why did Jack say he needed some time to spend with his son?

   A. He was学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! very tired of his work and wanted to have a good rest.

   B. He had promised to spare more time to stay with his son.

   C. He had missed his son and his family for days.

   D. He came to realize the importance of the time with his family.

35. Which of the following is the most suitable title for this passage?

   A. The Good Old Times       B. What He Valued Most

   C. An Old Gold Watch         D. The Lost Childhood Days

四.任务型阅读

Cash Courses

Should schools pay students to come to class?

Friday is payday for students at one charter high school in Cincinniti. Dohn Community High School recently began rewarding students who had perfect attendance and good behavior with cold,学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! hard cash. At the end of each week, seniors who have shown up on time all five days and stayed out of trouble receive $25, while younger students who have done the same receive  $ 10.

People who support the program and others who like it say the rewards motivate many kids to come to class when they would otherwise stay home. Those who oppose such programs say that paying kids sends the wrong message. They say students should come to class because they want to learn, not because they want to earn money.

Students’ reporters Joseph Maneen and Peter Brosnan hold different opinions.

YES.

I believe granting money to high school students for attendance is a good idea. Teens can use that money to help themselves later on in life, whether for college, an apartment, or a rainy day.

Studies have shown that rewards can motivate students to attend school and that the more kids are in school, the more they learn. Chloe Hughes, a 15 years old high school student from Bradford, Mass., agrees. “The money at the end of the week inspires students to try hard in school and g学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!et better grades,” she says. “By making money at school, it gets rid of the factor of getting a separate job, so they can focus on their studies.” Receiving the money will make many teens want to come to school, rather than be on the street getting into trouble.

NO.

Think about what motivates you to go to school every day. Your list might include learning new information or spending time with your friends. Should getting paid be included on that list? Of course not!

Learning to be self-motivated is an important life skill. “Students should want to come to school and have a desire to learn, not to make money,” Leigh Kouril, an eighth grader from N.Y. explains. “Students should realize that doing well in school now could help them to earn a good living in the future.”

In addition, students might be less likely to pay attention in class if they think they are being paid just to attend.[来源:Zxxk.Com]

Finally, paying students to attend class sends the wrong message. If that way of motivating gets hardwired into student mind-sets, students may think that basic tasks deserve tangible (有形的) rewards. Intangible rewards, such as gaining self-confidence, are worth much more than money. Anna Kouril, another eighth grader from Yorktown Heights, says, “What students put into their education is what they will get out of it.”

Topic

Should students get (36 )  ▲  to come to school?

Example

Students in Dohn Community High School can receive $10 or $25 as a (37 )  ▲  for not missing classes and not (38 )  ▲  trouble.

Different

(39)  ▲  about the program

People in [来源:学科网ZXXK]

(40) of it [来源:&&]

?      The rewards can give many kids motivation for attending school.

?      Teens can make (41)  ▲  of the money to help themselves.

?      Students are inspired to (42 )  ▲  their performance学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! in school.

?      Students don’t have to get a (43)  ▲  job to earn money.

People against it

?      Kids will be misled by the wrong messages.

?      They will come to school with the (44)  ▲  of making money rather than acquiring new knowledge.

?      Students might be less likely to pay attention in class.

?      Students may get the wrong idea that basic tasks are

(45)  ▲  of tangible rewards.

五.书面表达

暑假到了, 你在不忘课本、完成暑假作业的同时, 是否还安排了一些有意义的事情呢?下面就是一个很好的建议, 不妨按照自己的兴趣选择做一点吧。

   请根据以下提示完成一篇英语短文。

建议

理由和好处

读古典文学

1. 提高个人修养

2. ……

听优美音乐

1. 缓解学习压力

2. ……

看大师画展

1. 培养美感

2. ……

注意:

1. 对所有要点逐一陈述, 适当发挥, 不要简单翻译。

2. 词数150左右。开头和结尾已经写好, 不计入总词数。

3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。

参考词汇:有修养的cultured

    Summer vocation is coming near. Aside from a lot of homework, I think it necessary to plan some meaningful things. My suggestions are as follows.

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!__________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

    I hope every one of us will lead a productive life in the approaching summer holidays.

作业十八

一、将两句连成指定的复合句

  1. My friend, Tom, may have missed taking the flight to Africa, in which case he cant arrive for another hour.

  2. Lessons can be learned to face the future, though history cannot be changed.

  3. The book has helped me greatly in my daily communication, especially at work where a good impression is a must.

  4. No matter what/ whatever challenges my father faces, he always stays calm and does everything in a relaxed manner.

  5. I will always remember the first reaon that was given by Miss Brown.

  6. Sara said to me that she had to finish the experiment that week.

  7. I asked my students if / whether they had bought presents for their father.

  8. The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief that you are better than anyone else on the sports field.

  9. How I can improve my performance in study is a puzzling problem. Or It is a puzzling problem how I can improve my performance in study?

  10. He asked me why I hadnt come earlier.

二、用所给动词的适当形式填空

  1. worked  12. have been promoting,  13. will have stayed  14. watered  15. disappointing  16. to smoke/from smoking  17.informed  18. is being looked  19. being sent 20. respecting/ to be respected

三、阅读理解 21 BDBC  25 ACD  28 ADC  31 CCADB

四、任务型阅读 36. aid/money/ cash  37. reward  38. making/causing  39. opinions/views  40. favor  41. use  42. improve/better  43. separate/ part-time  44. purpose/aim/intention/motivation  45. worthy

五.书面表达  

One possible version

  Summer vocation is coming near. A side from a lot of homework, I think it necessary to plan some meaningful things. My suggestions are as follows.

    First, I recommend reading classic literature, because classics are the antiques of th学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!e literary world. They are examples of great writing and wisdom. By reading classics. we can not only appreciate great writers’ works but also make ourselves cultured. At he same time, our ability of reading and writing can be improved.

  Music is another 学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!thing we should remember to do. As students, listening to music can relax ourselves from the pressure of learning. In some ways, music is good for our health. Sometimes, when we feel tired, we can listen to music. Then we will feel very comfortable. And when we feel sad, we can also listen to music, which can give us a lot of happiness.

  If you are interested in art, I suggest you go to some art exhibitions, especially those of masters. Don’t think they have nothing to do with you and your study. As far as 学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!I am concerned, art is good for us. By appreciating art works, we can develop our sense of beauty and become more imaginative and creative, which are inevitably beneficial to our study.

  I h学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!ope every one of us will lead a productive life in the approaching summer holidays.

课程答疑